Glossary of Road Terms

When road engineers and crews discuss their work, they use several terms that may not be familiar to you. Some of the terms are not "official," but they are understood among the people who build and maintain roads. Here are some of the terms they use:

When the road is being graded (material is removed, added, or both) these terms are used:

Cut - area where material is removed.
Fill - area where material is added.
Toe - the bottom of a cut or fill slope.
Daylight - where the cut or fill meets the original ground.
Rip- to tear the surface of the ground with the vertical "tooth" of a dozer (a bull-dozer) or motor grader.
Windrow - to stack material in a long horizontal row. 

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