Water Heater T&P Valve
An overheated or over-pressurized 30-gallon water heater is the equivalent to a stick of dynamite.
Without a working temperature and pressure (T&P) relief valve in place, a water heater can explode, causing property damage, severe injury or death. Every hot water heater, gas or electric, tank or tankless, is required by law to have a correctly functioning (T&P) relief valve. This crucial valve allows water or steam to escape from the water heater if the water temperature is too hot or the pressure is too high. T&P valves open when the pressure reaches 150 pounds per square inch (psi) or when the temperature reaches 210 degrees Fahrenheit.
Water heaters are equipped with thermostats and electric water heaters have overload switches, but the T&P valve is the only protection against explosions and damage from both excessive temperature and high pressure. These conditions can occur - without warning - when an agency or municipality raises its water pressure or if the water heater malfunctions.
In addition to a correctly functioning T&P relief valve, the overflow pipe attached to the T&P relief valve needs to be rated to withstand excessive temperature and pressure. The pipe material must be rated to withstand 150 psi and 210 degrees Fahrenheit, and may be copper (preferred), galvanized steel or CPVC, NOT standard PVC.